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Zuni Culture

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The Zuni Pueblo has been the home of the Zuni people for over 800 years, making it one of the longest continuously inhabited areas in North America.

Protected by its geographic isolation in western New Mexico, Zuni remains one of the most traditional Native American tribes. The Zuni language, religion, traditions, and art are an integral part of daily life.

Many Zuni people live in the Pueblo of Zuni on the Zuni River, a tributary of the Little Colorado River in western New Mexico, just south of Gallup, New Mexico. The Zuni Reservation is located in McKinley and Cibola counties, covering an area of over 450,000 acres. Zuni also has land holdings in Catron County, NM and Apache County, AZ. 

Keeping Our Culture Alive

The Zuni people’s desert agriculture dates back to 3,000 to 4,000 years ago due to careful management and conservation of natural resources. During this long history, Zuni people raised primarily corn, squash, beans, and other vegetables. These traditions are continued through our Community Gardens

Until the mid-19th century, the Zuni people were self-sufficient but facing raids by the Apaches, Navajos, and Plains Indians. The Zuni reservation was officially recognized by the United States government in 1877.

Over the years the Zuni people have kept our unique culture intact. For example, the Zuni language has maintained integrity for at least 7,000 years and has no known relationship to any other Native American language.

Learn More

For more information about Zuni history and culture, visit the Pueblo of Zuni and the A:shiwi A:wan Museum and Heritage Center.

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